Naval War College Review


There is a burgeoning literature that deals with military implications of the new law of the sea regime. Within that literature, the range of predictions could hardly be wider. One author has argued that the rules emerging from the Third United Nations' Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS Ill) signal the exclusion of naval forces from all but friendly waters. 1 But another knowledgeable writer has hypothesized that naval diplomacy will become more effective because deployed forces will be able to cross new symbolic "borders. "2 Despite the disparate conclusions, however, the analysts have with few exceptions projected a new era In which "freedom of the seas" will be a concept under ever-increasing challenge, 3