Exercises are a source of information on tactics, force capabilities, scenario outcomes, and hardware systems effectiveness. But they distort battle operations in ways which prevent the immediate application of their results to real world situations.
"Did We Learn Anything From That Exercise? Could We?,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 35:
4, Article 5.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol35/iss4/5