Few developments in recent years have so captured the attention of naval specialists as the mounting evidence of a Soviet effort to design and deploy a carrier capable of accommodating conventional takeoff-and landing (CTOL) aircraft. To some observers, who expected the Soviets to remain in the business of producing V /STOL aircraft carriers like Kiev and Minsk, this probably came as something of a surprise. To others, however, the CTOL carrier is Kiev's natural evolutionary successor, a logical next step in the Soviet Navy's long quest to take airpower to sea.
Petersen, Charles C.
"Aircraft Carrier Development in Soviet Naval Theory,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 37
, Article 2.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol37/iss1/2