Naval War College Review
What are the chances that an international crisis would escalate into war as a result of tactical interactions between on-scene naval forces executing orders from national leaders trying to "manage" the crisis? Since war between the United States and the Soviet Union did not break out as a result of the many crises of the Cold War, a quick answer might be, "Escalation seems unlikely; at least it turned out that way." The question, however, deserves a more thoughtful answer.
Snyder, Frank M.
"A Focus on the On-Scene Commander,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 45:
3, Article 10.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol45/iss3/10