Naval War College Review


This article deals with perceptions between countries. It deals with the substance of those perceptions, and ultimately with the creation of trust. Confidence-building measures (CBMs) are practical actions aimed at creating attitudes of cooperativeness. Their purpose is to generate, between former enemies or between nations in competition, the sense that cooperation is possible and is better than confrontation. They also establish the understanding that national interests can still be promoted when acting with another party instead of against it.