Naval War College Review


In 1971 James Auer published The Post- war Rearmament of Japanese Maritime Forces, 1945–1971, “a book that [was] meant to challenge certain assumptions surrounding post–World War II Japan and its military, in particular its maritime forces.” Thirty years later, in post–Cold War Japan, some of those same supposi- tions persist. Of particular note, beliefs that Japanese rearmament is an Ameri- can initiative, that Japan seeks only to provide for its own internal security while the United States is responsible for all external threats, and that militarism is returning to Japan, result in conflicts within Japan and among its Asian neighbors.