Naval War College Review




Whether the United States chooses to return to the moon, go on to Mars, or something in between or beyond, it is not just where that is important, but how. To a large extent, how will involve implicitly or explicitly responding to the first Chinese manned space flight, on 15–16 October 2003. The United States can continue to exclude China from cooperative space efforts, commence a new manned-space-flight race, or initiate an incremental program of space cooperation including the Chinese. The interests of the space program and of the nation would be best served by cooperation.