Naval War College Review


Frank Hoffman


The intelligence community is getting a bad rap these days as it attempts to help policy makers weather the myriad na- tional security challenges in the Age of Disruption. The controversy over weap- ons of mass destruction and protracted post-conflict insurgency in Iraq are only two incidents in a series of surprises. Whether it is the demise of the Soviet Union, economic collapses in Southeast Asia, the development of nuclear weapons in India and Pakistan, North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs, terrorist attacks on the United States, or the subsequent anthrax attacks, being taken by surprise is becoming the norm.