Naval War College Review


On 26 October 2006, a Chinese Song-class attack submarine reportedly surfaced in close proximity to the USS Kitty Hawk carrier battle group in international waters near Okinawa.1 This was not the fi rst time that Chinese sub- marines have attracted extensive media attention. The advent of the Yuan-class SSK in mid-2004 seems to have had a major impact in transforming the assess- ments of Western naval analysts, and also of the broader community of analysts studying China’s military modernization.