The Navy’s 1987 EARNEST WILL deployment to the Persian Gulf was anomalous because of its size, its ferocity, and its adoption in the face of congressional opposition. What strategic forces drove EARNEST WILL, and what practical realities drive states’ foreign policies?
Marvin, Andrew R.
"Operation Earnest Will—The U.S. Foreign Policy behind U.S. Naval Operations in the Persian Gulf 1987–89; A Curious Case,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 73
, Article 8.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol73/iss2/8