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Naval War College Review

Volume 73, Number 3 (2020) Summer 2020


The cover reproduces The First Wave on Japan, a 1945 watercolor painting by Standish Backus Jr. It depicts Higgins boats carrying Marines of the 2nd Battalion, 4th Regiment ashore at Fort No. 2 on the Futtsu Peninsula, Tokyo Bay, Japan. The landing represented the first test of whether the Japanese actually would abide by the terms that had been negotiated or would resist. In “Condition-al Surrender: Conflict Termination in the Pacific, 1945,” Richard J. Shuster and Takuya Shimodaira describe the series of developments and the behind-the-scenes efforts that—despite the Allies’ public stance demanding “unconditional surrender” and the stubborn determination of most of the Japanese leadership to fight to the bitter end—led to peaceful surrender and the official termination of World War II in August–September 1945.

Full Issue

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Summer 2020 Full Issue
The U.S. Naval War College

From the Editor

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From the Editors
Robert Ayer

President's Forum

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President's Forum
Shoshana Chatfield Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, President, Naval War College

Articles

Book Reviews

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On Her Majesty’s Nuclear Service
Angus Ross and Eric Thompson

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The Final Act: The Helsinki Accords and the Transformation of the Cold War
Nicholas Evan Sarantakes and Michael Cotey Morgan

Reflections on Reading

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Reflections on Reading
The U.S. Naval War College

Additional Writings

Credits

Source: Naval History and Heritage Command