While the United States and Japan share many values, their legal systems take distinct approaches to authorizing military operations. But the two approaches converge within the alliance structure—especially important with regard to implementing the international law of self-defense.
Kraska, James and Saito, Yusuke
"The Law of Military Operations and Self-Defense in the U.S.-Japan Alliance,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 73
, Article 8.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol73/iss3/8