By looking to the maritime past and scuttling the idea that somehow the “gray zones” of today have initiated something unique to our contemporary world, naval forces will be better prepared to address the challenges presented by maritime security, naval irregular warfare, and great-power friction on the world’s oceans. An examination of the Quasi War with France illuminates key questions for strategists and planners considering the interactions among great powers.
Armstrong, Benjamin F.
"“Things Done by Halves”—Observations from America’s First Great-Power Competition,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 73
, Article 6.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol73/iss4/6