States’ actual experience in managing nuclear crises occurred almost entirely prior to the information age. The rule book for nuclear-crisis management in this era of cyber deterrence and cyber war remains to be written. Advanced cyberwar capabilities might interfere with future crisis management, resulting in misperceptions, faulty communications, and hasty judgments.
Cimbala, Stephen J.
"Nuclear-Crisis Management and Cyber War—A Dangerous Crossroads,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 75:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol75/iss1/5