The Russian naval presence in the western Indian Ocean and recent acquisition of a naval base on the shores of the Red Sea do not reflect an oceanic ambition in the region but rather a primary motivation that is land-centric and littoral: to gain access to the African continent and maintain close relations with partners in the region.
"“Great Regional Engagement” Rather than “Great Sea Power”—Russia’s New Supply Point on the Red Sea Coast,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 75:
1, Article 7.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol75/iss1/7