As China enters a period of heightened strategic competition with the United States, the PLAN will adjust its foreign-engagement strategy. China will forge stronger naval relations with non-U.S. major powers, including Russia; the United States will attempt to deny China new overseas naval facilities; and both countries will use exercises and other instruments to shape regional perceptions.
Wuthnow, Joel and Baughman, Margaret
"Selective Engagements—Chinese Naval Diplomacy and U.S.-China Competition,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 76:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol76/iss1/6