The transformation and modernization of China have been wrought by violent, revolutionary change; all attempts at Revolutionary change through self-strengthening devices — political and social adjustments — have proved futile.
Beaulieu, Reo A.
"Canton Government and American Reaction, 1921-1925,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 21
, Article 7.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol21/iss2/7