Naval War College Review


The recall of German U-Boat Wolfpacks from the central North Atlantic at the end of May 1943 ended the most costly phase of the shipping war for the Allies. Never again would the U-boats inflict dangerously high shipping losses. The naval war remained bitter, however, for the U-boats refused to give up, turning instead to new technology and new tactics. Right to the end of the war, they continued to present a plausible threat, one that caused concern in high Allied circles.