Volume 54, Number 2 (2001) Spring
The first large-scale thermonuclear detonation— the 10.4-megaton IVYMIKE test of 1 November 1952, at the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Pacific Proving Grounds on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The test was designed to confirm, at the megaton level, the effectiveness of the newly discovered “Teller-Ulam” radiation “trigger,” an advance that made fusion explosions practicable. The explosion was unexpectedly powerful, five hundred times more so than the fission-technology FATMAN of 1945. It left a crater 164 feet deep and 6,240 feet across where the islet upon which the device rested had been, and it wrecked the unmanned observation equipment on nearby islets. On islands miles away, where scientists had intended to examine birds and trees, etc., to measure biological effects, all animal and vegetable life was simply destroyed. Warships over thirty miles out to sea endured searing heat. The mushroom cloud rose some forty thousand feet and spread out over a hundred miles.
IVYMIKE was not a “bomb” but a test-bed; the Soviet Union made the same breakthrough the next year. Successive tests were devoted to developing serviceable thermonuclear weapons, or “hydrogen bombs,” ultimately producing the vast arsenals that are the subject of one of this issue’s themes—reductions in nuclear weapons. On page 13 begins an exchange of views between Admiral Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret.), a former president of the Naval War College, and two members of the College’s research faculty.
The Dilemma of Nuclear Weapons in the Twenty-first Century
Thinking about the Unthinkable—Unreasonable Exuberance?
Andrew L. Ross
War Gaming in the Information Age—Theory and Purpose
Paul Bracken and Martin Shubik
“Good Games”—Challenges for the War-Gaming Community
Stuart H. Starr
Review Essay—Official History, Not “Instant Analysis”
Alexander S. Cochran, Edward J. Marolda, and Robert J. Schneller Jr.
The Genesis of Naval Thinking since the End of the Cold War
Edward A. Smith Jr. and Peter Hore
Best Truth: Intelligence in the Information Age
Dale C. Rielage, Bruce D. Berkowitz, and Allan E. Goodman
Obeying Orders: Atrocity, Military Discipline & the Law of War
Martin L. Cook and Mark J. Osiel
The Secret War against Hanoi: Kennedy’s and Johnson’s Use of Spies, Saboteurs, and Covert Warriors in North Vietnam
Richard Norton and Richard H. Shultz Jr.
Thomas ap Catesby Jones: Commodore of Manifest Destiny
Xavier Maruyama and Gene A. Smith
Maritime Supremacy and the Opening of the Western Mind: Naval Campaigns That Shaped the Modern World, 1588–1782
Andrew G. Wilson and Peter Padfield
The Abandoned Ocean: A History of United States Maritime Policy
Robert K. Reilly, Andrew Gibson, and Arthur Donovan