Naval War College Review


Timothy J. Demy


Centennial commemoration and obser- vance of the First World War have gen- erated many books studying major and minor aspects of what was hoped would be the “war to end all wars,” or as H. G. Wells titled a 1914 book, The War That Will End War. It wasn’t; instead, it was the first act of a century-long tragedy. The present volume provides a sig- nificant study of the more than 100,000 German-Jewish and 320,000 Austro- Hungarian Jewish soldiers serving during the war. One in eight was killed. First World War historian Jay Winter is correct when he writes in the volume’s foreword, “we owe a debt to Peter Appel- baum for bringing to light the Jewish el- ement in this tragic story.” The volume is groundbreaking in its scope and depth.