Naval War College Review


Jeffrey M. Shaw


Spain was the only nation to take up arms against fascism in the years im- mediately preceding the outbreak of the Second World War. England, France, and the United States did not act against this impending threat. While the Span- ish Civil War began as an internal do- mestic matter between the newly elected Spanish Republic and reactionary Nationalist forces led by General Franco, the conflict would draw in Germany and Italy in support of Franco, and the Soviet Union in support of the Republic.