Minimizing the costs and risks of balancing is crucial for a coalition facing stronger opponents—such as China and Russia facing the United States and its partners. The motives of Sino-Russian security cooperation should be understood within the context of a full spectrum of balancing strategies in international relations and the relatively lower risk of escalation in the maritime domain.
Ernst, Maximilian and Kim, Tongfi
"Smart Balancers Kill Many Birds with Few Stones—Sino-Russian Security Cooperation in the Maritime Domain,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 76:
2, Article 5.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol76/iss2/5